Hesiod's Pantheon

Primordial entities

Chaos (Void)

Tartarus (Abyss)

imprisons dangers to the Olympians

  • the Titans (including Kronos)
  • the Cyclopes
  • the Hecatonchires
    • Hundred-Handed Ones
    • guardians of Tartarus
  • Typhon
  • Sisyphus
    • King of Ephyra a.k.a Corinth
  • Tantalus
    • King of Lydia a.k.a. Troy
      • Lydians spoke Luwian (e.g., Paris is a Luwian name)
      • Lydians invented the coin as currency
    • founded the cursed House of Atreus with +Dione
      • Pelops
        • sacrificed and boiled by Tantalus, and nearly eaten by the Gods
          • Demeter, stricken with grief over the loss of her daughter Persephone to Hades, unknowingly ate Pelops' shoulder
          • he was restored to life by the Gods and given a new ivory shoulder forged by Hephaestus
          • Pelops' cult developed into the founding myth for the Olympic Games
        • +Hippodamia
          • Atreus +Aerope
            • Agamemnon +Clytemnestra
              • Orestes
            • Menelaus +Helen
              • Electra
          • Thyestes
          • Chrysippus
            • raped by Laius on his way to the Nemean Games
            • it became the bastion of pederasty thanks to Laius
            • Laius misdeeds led to the downfall of Oedipus
    • condemned to stand in a pool of water he could not drink below a tree whose fruit he could not eat
    • origin of the English word "tantalize"
  • Ixion, King of Lapiths
    • desired Hera
    • slept with a cloud appearing to be Hera, which was actually Nephele
    • condemned to be tied to a winged flaming wheel that was always spinning, a symbol of his burning lust
  • King Salmoneus (brother of Sisyphus, father of Tyro)
    • passed himself off as Zeus to call down the rains with false thunder and lightning
    • some think he was struck by lightning while impersonating Zeus on his chariot with dried skins and cauldrons trailing behind it in a storm, with torches hoisted into the air

Gaia (Mother Earth)

  • Terra to the Romans
  • Ouranos (Father Sky)
    • Caelus to the Romans
    • brought forth by Gaia as her equal
  • Ourea (the Mountains)
    • Nesoi (Islands), former Ourea cast beneath the sea by Poseidon
  • Pontos (the Sea)
  • +Ouranos
    • Hecatonchires (Hundred-handed, Fifty-headed abominations)
      • Briareus
      • Cottus
      • Gyes
    • Cyclopes
      • Arges (Bright)
      • Steropes (Lightning)
      • Brontes (Thunder)
    • Titans
      • Oceanus (Seas)
        • Eurynome +Ophion ruled Olympus before the gods
      • Iapetus (the god of mortality)
      • Tethys (Rivers) +Oceanus
        • Asia/Clymene +Iapetus
          • Prometheus (savior of humanity, lender of fire) +Pronoea
            • Deucalion (apologist for humankind)
          • Epimetheus +Pandora (primordial woman, molded by Hephaestus and Athena)
            • Pyrrha +Deucalion
              • Protogeneia
              • Amphictyon
              • Hellen
                • Aeolus (King of Thessaly) +Enarete (daughter of Deimachus and ambassador to India)
                  • Sisyphus (King of Ephyra, later Corinth)
                  • Cretheus (founder and king of Iolcus) +Tyro
                    • Aeson
                    • Pheres
                    • Amythaon
                  • Athamas
                    • +Nephele (Nubes to the Romans)
                      • Phrixus
                        • fled from Ino, his stepmother, with Helle, twin sister
                        • he gave Aeetes the Golden Fleece in exchange for sanctuary
                        • Aeetes nailed the fleece to a tree, which was later taken by Jason
                      • Helle
                        • fled with Phrixus, her twin brother from Ino
                        • namesake of Hellespont where she drowned having fallen from Nephele's flying golden ram which was intended to save her from Ino's jealous wrath
                    • +Ino/Leucothea
                      • raised Dionysus, the god of wine and merrymaking
                      • threw herself and their son Melicertes/Palaemon into the sea to escape Athamas' insane wrath brought on by Hera's jealous curse over Ino's care for Dionysus
                    • +Themisto
                      • dressed her children in white and Ino's in black
                      • mistakenly killed her own children when Ino swapped their costumes
                  • Salmoneus
                    • Tyro +Cretheus
                    • perhaps struck by lightning on his bronze chariot
                    • condemned to Tartarus for imitating Zeus with cauldrons and torches behind his chariot as thunder and lightning
                    • sought to call down the rain with his Zeus-like antics
                  • Deion, king of Phocis
                    • Cephalus
                    • Actor
                    • Aenetus
                    • Phylacus
                    • Asterodia
                  • Magnes
                    • Hymenaios, the god of marriage ceremonies
                    • first king of Magnesia, from whence the Centaurs came
                  • Perieres +Gorgophone, daughter of Perseus
                    • Tyndareus
                      • Castor and Pollux
                      • Clytemnestra +Agamemnon (also she killed him)
                        • Orestes
                          • killed his mother to avenge his father
                          • condemned by Tyndareus for killing his mother
                      • Timandra
                      • Phoebe
                      • Philonoe
                      • Helen of Troy (step-father, as Zeus was the real father)
                  • Canace
                    • lover of Poseidon
                    • in Ovid's Heroides, potentially the daughter of Aeolus, god of the winds, rather than Aeolus, father of Sisyphus
                  • Alcyone (namesake of 'halcyon') +Ceyx
                    • Eosphorus, the Morning Star
                    • they called each other "Zeus" and "Hera", so Zeus smote Ceyx ship at sea with a thunderbolt
                    • drowned herself in the sea when Morpheus (the God of Dreams) appeared to herself as her husband, Ceyx, after his tragic demise
                  • Peisidice/Pisidice +Myrmidon
                    • Antiphus
                    • Actor
                  • Calyce +Aethlius, king of Elis (or +Zeus)
                    • Endymion, king of Elis
                  • Perimede +Achelous
                    • Hippodamas
                    • Orestes
                    • Achelous
                      • river god once defeated by Heracles in a contest for the hand of Deianeira
                      • inspired the medieval Green Man
                    • a consort of Phoroneus, who was the fire-bringer and primordial king of Argos
          • Menoetius
          • Buphagus
          • Anchiale
        • Pleione (protector of sailors) +Atlas
          • Merope +Sisyphus
            • Glaucus +Eurymede
              • Bellerophon, who slew the fire-breathing Chimera
            • Ornytion
            • Almus
            • Thersander
            • Sinon
          • Dione +Tantalus
            • Niobe
              • Niobe +Amphion (king of Thebes)
                • 14 kids
                • bragged to Leto of her seven sons and seven daughters
                  • Leto only had two children, Apollo and Artemis
                  • Artemis killed Niobe's seven daughters with poisoned arrows
                  • Apollo killed Niobe's seven sons with poisoned arrows
                  • Amphion killed himself out of grief
                  • Niobe turned to stone and cries for eternity on Mount Sipylus, at the base of which lay Tantalis
        • Doris +Nereus
          • Thetis +Peleus
            • Achilles
        • Asopus?
        • Potamoi - the Rivers
          • Nilus
          • Achelous
          • Alpheus
          • Inachus
          • Peneus
          • Scamander
        • Tyche
          • a daughter of Titans or Gods
          • an odd outlier who might have sprung from:
            • Oceanus and Tethys (two Titans)
            • Hermes and Aphrodite, or maybe
            • Zeus and Aphrodite
          • has been identified with Virgo, Demeter, and Astraea
          • fosters a city's fortune, shepherds its destiny.
      • Hyperion (Sun)
      • Theia +Hyperion
        • Helios - god of the Sun
        • Selene - goddess of the Moon
        • Eos - goddess of the Dawn, who rose from the edge of Oceanus each morning
      • Coeus
      • Pheobe +Coeus
        • Lelantas
        • Leto (Latona to the Romans) +Zeus
          • Apollo
          • Artemis
        • Asteria
      • Crius
        • Astraeus
        • Pallas
        • Perses
      • Mnemosyne +Zeus
        • the personification of memory, mother of Muses
        • the Muses
          • Calliope (epic poetry)
          • Clio (history)
          • Euterpe (music)
          • Erato (lyric poetry)
          • Melpomene (tragedy)
          • Polyhymnia (hymns)
          • Terpsichore (dance)
          • Thalia (comedy)
          • Urania (astronomy)
        • presided over a pool of memory/forgetfulness in Hades
        • namesake of the "meme"
      • Themis +Zeus
        • Titaness of divine order, natural law, and customs
        • Dike
      • Kronos/Cronus (Saturn to the Romans)
        • Kronos ≠ Chronos?
        • sent with an adamantine sickle and the Titans and Titanides (except Oceanus) to castrate Ouranos
          • The Erinyes (or Furies) were born of the blood of Ouranos' genitals, severed by Cronus with the adamantine sickle. They are also called the daughters of Nox and Acheron
            • Alecto (endless anger, grudge)
            • Megaera (jealousy, envy, shrew)
            • Tisiphone (vengence for murder)
          • The Giants and Meliae (ash-tree nymphs) also sprang from his genital blood.
          • Aphrodite was born of Ouranos' testes falling into the sea.
        • devoured his children except Zeus whom Rhea saved, then vomited them up when Zeus, his covert cupbearer along with Metis, a wise Titaness and Zeus' first love, gave him wine with mustard
      • Rhea +Kronos
        • Olympians
          • Zeus
            • In the ten-year Battle of the Titans in Thessaly, Zeus overthrew the Titans (save Themis and her son Prometheus, who sided with the Olympians) with Grandma Gaia's help as well as the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes who forged Zeus' thunder and lightning.
            • Nephele
              • a cloud nymph conjured and disguised as Hera, sent to fool Ixion
              • +Ixion
                • Centaurus +Magnesian mares
                  • the Centaurs
              • +Nilus (god of the Nile)
                • Telephassa/Argiope +Agenor
                  • Cadmus
                    • founder of Thebes
                      • Telephassa and Cadmus went in search of Europa to Rhodes, Thera, and Thrace
                        • Telephassa (a.k.a. Elektra) died in Thrace
                        • the Oracle of Delphi told him to follow a cow to a city
                        • he did and the city became Thebes
                    • the first hero of Greece alongside Perseus and Bellerophon, killer of monsters
                    • a Phoenician prince from Tyre (now Lebanon)
                    • introduced the Greeks to the original alphabet
                    • 4 daughters:
                      • Ino
                      • Semele +Zeus
                        • Stimula to the Romans
                        • Zemele (Mother Earth) syncretized from the Thracians
                        • Dionysus
                          • Bacchus to the Romans
                          • syncretized from Sabazios (horseman and Father Sky) to the Phrygians and the Thracians
                          • raised by Ino and Athamas
                          • alternatively the son of Persephone with Zeus
                      • Agave
                      • Autonoë
                  • Phoenix, founder of Phoenicia
                  • Cilix
                    • also followed the cow Europa, but to Asia Minor which was called Cilicia after him
                    • Thasus
                      • alternatively a son of Poseidon or Agenor
                • Telephassa +Phoenix
                  • Europa
                    • abducted by Zeus disguised as a white bull
                    • became the first queen of Crete
          • Hera
            • her neatherd (cowman) was a giant named Argus Panoptes ("all-seeing") who had between four and one-hundred eyes
              • Argus guarded Io, a nymph disguised as a heifer
              • Argus was slain by Hermes at Zeus' behest
          • Poseidon
            • Agenor (ruler of Phoenicia)
            • Belus
              • husband of Side (eponym of Sidon of Phoenicia)
          • Hades
          • Hestia
          • Demeter, a Chthonic goddess (of the dirt)
            • Persephone
          • Chiron
            • a centaur
            • raised Asclepius, son of Apollo and god of medicine, and taught him the art of medicine
  • +Tartarus (in anger at the Gods for imprisoning the Giantes)
    • Typhon
      • Typhon poses the last challenge to Zeus's reign over Olympus.
      • Typhon was a tangled army of snakes which emitted fire from their gaze or mouths.
      • Typhon was enormous, taller than the mountains, and the strongest of all Gods and humans.
      • Typhon could emit the sounds of any beast: a lion's roar, a dog's whelp, a snake's hiss, a bull's proud bellow.
  • +Pontus
    • Phorcys
      • god of the hidden dangers of the sea
      • half merman, half crab
    • Ceto
      • goddess of the sea monsters (whales and sharks) and namesake of Cetaceans
      • +Phorcys
        • the Phorcydes
          • Graeae, old grey witches who shared one eye and one tooth
            • Deino (or Dino)
            • Enyo
            • Pemphredo (or Pephredo)
          • Ladon, the dragon who guarded the golden apples in the Garden of Hesperides
          • Gorgons
          • Echidna
            • half-woman, half-snake
            • a.k.a. Campe
              • who had the upper body and head of a woman, the lower body of a dragon, a massive, venom-filled, scorpion-like tail, snakes around her ankles, and 50 grisly heads of beasts (wolves, lions, snakes, bears) around her waist
              • who was assigned to guard the Hecatonchires in Tartarus
            • +Typhon
              • Orthrus, the two-headed dog who guarded the cattle of Geryon
              • Cerberus, the three-headed dog who guarded the gates of Hades
              • the Lernaean Hydra, the many-headed serpent
              • the Chimera, the fire-breathing lion-goat-snake
              • the Caucasian Eagle, who ate the lobes of Prometheus' liver each day
              • the Sphinx
              • the Nemean Lion
              • the Colchian Dragon, who guarded the Golden Fleece
              • Scylla, a female sea monster who devoured ships attempting to pass between her cave and the whirlpool Charybdis
              • the Harpies
              • the Crommyonian Sow, a wild pig who ravaged the village of Crommyon, slain by Theseus

Eros (Love)

Erebus (Dark)

Nyx (Night)

  • Nox to the Romans
  • +Erebus
    • Aether (Light)
      • the personification of the pure, upper air that the Gods breathe
      • 'Hyginus says further that the children of Aether and Day were Earth, Heaven, and Sea, while the children of Aether and Earth were "Grief, Deceit, Wrath, Lamentation, Falsehood, Oath, Vengeance, Intemperance, Altercation, Forgetfulness, Sloth, Fear, Pride, Incest, Combat, Ocean, Themis, Tartarus, Pontos; and the Titans, Briareus, Gyges, Steropes, Atlas, Hyperion, and Polus, Saturn, Ops, Moneta, Dione; and three Furies – namely, Alecto, Megaera, Tisiphone."'
    • Hemera (Day)
      • Dies to the Romans
      • Thalassa (Sea) - female counterpart to Pontus
    • Hesperides
      • nymphs of the West, the sunset, dusk, the evening
    • Geres (Old Age)
    • Moirai (Fates)
      • Clotho is the spinner of the threads of human lives who sings what was, known as Nona to the Romans. She choose who is born and when. The youngest of the Fates, she can decide when gods or mortal are to be saved or put to death. She determined that Pelops should be reborn after he was killed and boiled by his father, after Demeter ate his shoulder when she was herself consumed by the loss of her daughter, Persephone. Along with Hermes and her sister she created the alphabet.
      • Lachesis (allotter and measurer, who sings what is),
      • Atropos (unturnable cutter, who sings what is to be),
      • also said to be daughters of:
        • Uranus and Gaia
        • Zeus and Themis
    • Thanatos (Peaceful Death)
    • Styx (boundary between life and death)
    • Charon (ferryman to death)
  • spawned
    • Moros (Doom)
    • Ker (Violent Death)
    • Keres (death-spirits)
    • Hypnos (Sleep)
    • Oneiroi (Dreams)
    • Momos (Blame)
    • Oizys (Pain)
    • Apate (Deceit)
    • Geras (Aging)
    • Philotes (Friendship)
    • Eris (Strife/Discord)
    • Nemesis (Revenge)
      • the punisher of hubris
      • the distributor of fortune
      • Nemesis led to the demise of Echo and Narcissus to balance the vanity that sprang from their unbalanced blessings.
      • "Nemesis, winged balancer of life, dark-faced goddess, daughter of Justice" - Mesomedes, 2nd century C.E.
      • Nemesis spawned an egg containing two sets of twins:
        • Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra
        • Castor and Pollux, the Dioscuri